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Is nuclear fusion clean energy?

Is nuclear fusion clean energy?

No CO₂: Fusion doesn’t emit harmful toxins like carbon dioxide or other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. Its major by-product is helium: an inert, non-toxic gas. No long-lived radioactive waste: Nuclear fusion reactors produce no high activity, long-lived nuclear waste.

Is nuclear fusion the energy of our future?

Fusion power offers the prospect of an almost inexhaustible source of energy for future generations, but it also presents engineering challenges that, so far, are insurmountable. According to physics, fusion powers the sun and stars.

What is the minimum temperature for nuclear fusion?

100 million degrees Celsius

Why are high temps needed for nuclear fusion?

Fusion reaction takes place at temperatures around 107k. It requires this high temperature so that nucleus start moving at rapidly speed, which in turn increases their kinetic, so that they overcome the repulsion between them and can come together.

What are the main challenges in the development of nuclear fusion reactors?

These problems comprise plasma heating, confinement and exhaust of energy and particles, plasma stability, alpha particle heating, fusion reactor materials, reactor safety and environmental compatibility.

How much energy can a fusion reactor produce?

At present, fusion devices produce more than ten megawatts of fusion power. ITER will be capable of producing 500 megawatts of fusion power. Although this will be on the scale needed for a power station, there are still some technological issues to address before a commercial power plant can operate.

Are fusion reactors the future?

This is far faster than the world’s largest fusion power project, known as the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER), which was conceived in 1985 but not launched until 2007; and although construction began in 2013, the project is not expected to generate a fusion reaction until 2035.

Is Fusion more powerful than fission?

Fusion releases more energy than fission reaction. so that we can say that fusion is more powerful than fission.

Is the sun a fission or fusion reaction?

The Sun is a main-sequence star, and, as such, generates its energy by nuclear fusion of hydrogen nuclei into helium. In its core, the Sun fuses 620 million metric tons of hydrogen and makes 616 million metric tons of helium each second.

What is the difference between fission and fusion answers?

Fusion takes place when two low-mass isotopes, typically isotopes of hydrogen, unite under conditions of extreme pressure and temperature. Fission is the splitting of a heavy, unstable nucleus into two lighter nuclei, and fusion is the process where two light nuclei combine together releasing vast amounts of energy.

Does fission or fusion have more power per gram?

In creating energy by combining atomic nuclei, the fusion reaction holds many advantages over fission. First, fusion reactions are more efficient, releasing 3 to 4 times more energy than fission per gram of fuel. In order for fusion to occur, hydrogen isotopes of deuterium and tritium must be acquired.

What is the order of fusion in stars?

Massive stars (greater than five times the mass of the Sun): When their hydrogen becomes depleted, high mass stars convert helium atoms into carbon and oxygen, followed by the fusion of carbon and oxygen into neon, sodium, magnesium, sulfur and silicon.

What stars turn into a supernova?

A supernova happens where there is a change in the core, or center, of a star. One of the stars, a carbon-oxygen white dwarf, steals matter from its companion star. Eventually, the white dwarf accumulates too much matter. Having too much matter causes the star to explode, resulting in a supernova.